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Dharampal Gulati (27 March 1923 – 3 December 2020), also known as Mahashay Dharampal Gulati, was an Indian businessman, and founder and CEO of MDH (Mahashian Di Hatti; transl. Gentleman's shop), an Indian spice company.
Bachendri Pal (born 24 May 1954) is an Indian mountaineer, who in 1984 became the first Indian woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest. She was awarded the third highest civilian award Padma Bhushan by Government of India in 2019. Ms Bachendri Pal is the Chief of Adventure Programmes at Tata Steel Jamshedpur and is also the Director of the Tata Steel Adventure Foundation (TSAF), a premier Institute in India promoting Adventure Programmes & Leadership Development courses among youth and women as well as corporates, Institutes and other organizations.
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Bachendri Pal is an Indian mountaineer, the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest.
Bachendri Pal belonged to a family of very moderate means, in 1954, a village named Naku in Uttarakashi District of Garhwal Hari k govind hill at NIM, she climbed Gangotri I (21,900 ft) and Rudugaria (19,091 ft). In that time, she got employment as an instructor at the National Adventure Foundation, which had set up an adventure school for training women to learn mountaineering.
In 1984, India had scheduled its fourth expedition, christened “Everest ‘84’”, to the Mount Everest. Bachendri was selected as one of the members of the elite group of six Indian women and eleven men who were privileged to attempt an ascent to the Mount Everest, Sagarmatha in the Nepaleses. The news filled them with a sense of ecstasy and excitement. The team was flown to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal in March 1984; and from there the team moved onwards. Recalling her first glimpse of the Mount Everest, Bachendri once reminisced: “We the hill people have always worshipped the mountains … my overpowering emotion at this awe-inspiring spectacle was, therefore, devotional.” The team commenced its ascent in May, 1984. On the night of 15–16 May 1984, Bachendri and her tent mate were sleeping in one of the tents at Camp III at an altitude of about 24,000 feet. At around 00:30 hours (IST), at around 24,000 feet, she was jolted awake; something had hit her hard and she also heard a deafening sound; and at the same time she found herself being enveloped within a very cold mass of material. A serac on the Lhotse glacier, above the Camp III had slid down, and fallen on the camp raking havoc at the camp. Her tent mate using his knife could slash his way out of the mass of ice. He, thereafter, assisted Bachendri to dig her way out of the mess. Many members of the team were injured, and became unnerved; and they climbed down to the base camp. Despite an injury on her head, Bachendri chose to continue the ascent.
On 22 May 1984, some other climbers joined the team to ascent the summit of the Mount Everest. Bachendri was the only woman in this group. They continued the ascent climbing “vertical sheets of frozen ice”, cold winds sometimes blowing at the speed of about 100 km per hour, temperatures touching minus 30 to 40 degrees Celsius. On 23 May 1984, Bachendri reached the summit of Mount Everest, and at 1:07 PM IST, she was standing at the peak (29,084 ft) along with one other climber. The peak was small to accommodate two persons; and there was a vertical drop of thousands of feet all around the peak. So they first made themselves secured by anchoring themselves by digging their ice axes into the snow.
Bachendri then sat on her knees, touched the summit with her head in the Hindu gesture of thanks giving to the almighty; took an image of goddessDurga and a copy of Hanuman Chalisha (the Book of Forty Verses of Hanuman) and placed them in the snow. She remained on the summit for about 43 minutes, and took some photographs too. She became the first Indian woman to scale the Mount Everest, and the fifth woman in the world.
She climbed down and reached the base camp safely. Her achievement brought her congratulations from many quarters across the world. In India, the President, the Prime Minister, and J. R. D. Tata congratulated her in personal. She also received the Padma Shree Award in 1984.
She continued to be active after ascending the highest peak in the world. In 1985, she led an Indo-Nepalese Everest Expedition team comprising only women. The expedition created seven world records and set benchmarks for Indian mountaineering. Nine years later, in 1994, she led an all women team of rafters. The team coursed through the waters of the river Ganges, covering 2,500 km from Haridwar to Kolkata.
- India’s 50 Most Illustrious Women (ISBN 81-88086-19-3) by Indra Gupta
Bachendri Pal In Hindirunlasopa Telugu
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Bachendri Pal In Hindirunlasopa Hindi
Climbers looking to conquer the world’s tallest peak under the banner of the steel city’s premier adventure outfit may be in for a disappointment as it has not sent any climber to Mt Everest this year. The situation may not change next year either.
The cost, which includes equipment, payment to agencies arranging the expedition and other expenses related to it are the reasons deterring the Tata Steel Adventure Foundation (TSAF). Around Rs 30 lakh is needed per climber for Everest.
Ten climbers — Premlata Agarwal (2011), Rajender Singh Pal (2012), Vinita Soren (2012), Meghlal Mahto (2012), Susen Mahto (2013), Arunima Sinha (2013), Hemant Gupta (2017), Sandeep Tolia (2018), Swarnala Dalai (2018) and Poonam Rana (2018) — have scaled Everest under the outfit’s banner. Bachendri Pal, a Tata Steel employee, was the first Indian woman to scale Everest in 1984.
There was a gap between 2014 and 2016 in sending climbers to Everest because the TSAF did not find any suitable candidates. Same was the case this year too, plus the expenses. “So far, there are no plans for next year’s Everest expedition,” a senior TSAF functionary said. “Several factors are taken in account before coming to a conclusion related to Everest expedition. We may not plan any expeditions to Everest in future.”
The absence of Bachendri Pal, who is on a three-year extention, was another factor. “It was only because of Madam (Pal) that Everest expeditions had started. She is the one who selects candidates and trains them. But the scene is not the same now.”
The legendary climber retired in 2014. This year, Tata Steel gave her second extension and freedom to operate from her home town Dehradun. She spends most of her time there.